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      PRODUCTION PROCESS



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      THE PRODUCTION PROCESS: OTHER FIBRES



Cashmere goats and Camels live in the coldest regions of the world; during the winter season, these animals protect themselves from the freezing temperatures by growing a very fine down which is collected in summer to produce the warmest and the most exclusive yarns and fabrics.
These fibres are collected directly from the shepherds, using some rudimentary combs; through this procedure they also collect many of the animal hairs, the so called 'jarres'. The jarres are removed by the de-hairing process, through which the fine fibres are separated from the coarser hairs. The production process includes the following phases:
  • SORTING: the greasy material is sorted by hand in different qualities and some contamination is removed by hand picking.
  • WASHING: greasy fibre is scoured to remove dust and grease. The scouring yield is generally around 70%.
  • DE-HAIRING: the scoured material goes through the de-hairing machines, which separate the coarse hairs ('jarres') from the precious fine fibres. De-haired fibres are used in the woollen, the open end and the cotton spinning systems.
  • COMBING: the worsted spinning system requires the fibres to be straight and parallel. In this case the 'de-haired' must be combed to a sliver. This industrial process is very similar - in terms of technologies and machinery - to wool combing; the manufacturing processes are: pre-combing preparation, combing, can-emptying and finishing. The combed sliver is wound into bobbins or bumps and packed in boxes weighting around 60 kg each.







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      THE ANIMAL FIBRES



Pettinatura di Verrone s.r.l. - strada Trossi, 2 - 13871 Verrone (Biella) - Italy - Tel. +39.0155829311 - Fax +39.0155829399
C.F. e Iscrizione Registro Imprese di Biella: 02509750028 - P.IVA: IT02509750028 - Capitale Sociale Euro 3.000.000 i.v. - Società Uninominale